How to Become a Soccer Coach
Becoming a soccer coach will have a significant impact on others, especially the younger generation. Many athletes owe a great deal of their success to their coaches and mentors. For many of us passionate about soccer, coaching is a way to incorporate the game into our daily lives. In this article, we’ll teach you how to become a soccer coach.
As with every profession, coaching has its ups and downs. The experience might be extremely satisfying one day and completely discouraging the next. But, at the end of the season or year, you’ll reflect back and realize it was all worth it.
As you progress in your coaching career, you’ll find opportunities at different levels and leagues.
You undoubtedly have additional questions now that you’re considering coaching or have recently started. We’ll address them here to help propel you forward!
What is a Soccer Coach’s Role?
A soccer coach leads a team and teaches them new strategies and tactics to help them compete in matches.
They may be employed by a school, soccer club, or sports organization and work with players at various skill levels, from beginner to professional.
The following are the typical responsibilities of a youth and professional soccer coach:
- Game-play improvement through strategic planning of training sessions and player development
- Creating tactics and formation strategies
- Fostering a positive team environment and inspiring players
- In-game management of player substitutions
- Providing one-on-one advice and mentorship
- Taking disciplinary action if necessary
- Holding players accountable to their soccer goals
- Coordinating communication of training and game times
- Being a sounding board to the players (not parents)
- Analysis of game footage to determine possibilities for improvement (for more competitive players)
Coaching Pathway in the United States
The soccer coach pathway in the United States is governed by the United States Soccer Federation (USSF). The USSF offers a variety of coaching licenses, each of which has specific requirements and focuses on different levels of coaching.
Essentially, the U.S. soccer coach pathway is divided into six levels:
- Grassroots: The USSF Grassroots courses are designed for coaches of players aged 6-13 years old and focus on the basic principles of the game. The courses available at this level include 4v4, 7v7, 9v9 and 11v11.
- D License: The D License is an introduction to coaching and is required to lead teams from u6-u19 at a beginner to intermediate level.
- C License: After obtaining a D License for a full year, coaches will be eligible to receive their C License. This license is designed to prepare higher skill level players from ages u11-u19.
- B License: The B License is designed for coaches working with players at the elite level and focuses on the technical and tactical aspects of the game. This can be obtained after a full year of holding the C License and coaching for at least three years.
- A License: The A license is split into ‘youth’ and ‘senior’ pathways. The A Senior License puts more attention towards coaching players ages 19 or older. The A Youth License is more geared towards developing u13-u19 players in a high performance environment.
- Pro License: This is the final license to earn in the U.S. and includes coaching at the highest levels of national and international professional soccer.
To progress through the levels, coaches will need to complete the required coursework and pass required exams. For more details, check out the U.S. Soccer Learning Center for coaches.
How to Become a Youth Soccer Coach
To become a youth soccer coach in the U.S., you should consider the following steps:
- Obtain a coaching license from the governing body of soccer in your home country. To start, you’ll want to look for Grassroots coaching requirements and courses provided by U.S. Soccer.
- Gain real-world experience by volunteering or assisting with youth soccer teams. These teams typically don’t require a coaching license but they do provide background checks (for safety reasons).
- Network and build connections within the youth soccer community and surrounding soccer club organizations.
- Consider obtaining a higher education degree in sports science or a related field, although this is not always necessary for youth coaching positions but can help accelerate things.
- Continuously update your knowledge and skills through playing, attending coaching courses and workshops specifically for youth soccer coaching.
- Continuously look for job opportunities at local clubs, schools and recreational programs.
- Be patient, as opportunities to coach youth teams may be limited and competitive in your area.
- Be prepared to fill a variety of roles, from being a head coach to assistant coach, or even club coordinator.
At the youth level of soccer, there’s so many layers in today’s game. Depending on what league and age you want to coach, you may be required to obtain a C, B or A coaching licenses.
How to Become a Professional Soccer Coach
There are a number of requirements to meet before you may coach soccer at the professional level.
1. Obtain a bachelor’s degree in sports science, physical education, or a similar subject
Most head coaching jobs in the professional soccer league require candidates to have at least a bachelor’s degree. The biomechanics and physiology of human movement in exercise and sport are well-covered in sports science, physical education, and related fields.
According to Zippia.com, 71% of soccer coaches earn a bachelor’s degree while 10% obtain a master’s degree.
Courses in coaching theory and practice may be part of a university’s specialized sports science or physical education department. The study of anatomy, kinesiology, nutrition, psychology, first aid, health, sports law, and ethics may also be included.
A master’s degree in a related field, like sports science or physical education, can also help coaches move up in their chosen field.
2. Become licensed and certified as a coach with the United States Soccer Federation
The USSF acts as the sport’s umbrella organization in the United States.
Through its licensure and certification programs, it facilitates entry into the field of professional coaching. The U.S. Soccer Federation Coaching Course is the first rung on the ladder, and it covers ground like youth development, team structure, and training theory.
Obtaining your Pro License can be a game-changer if a professional coaching job is what you’re after. Putting in the years and hard work to get this type of license can open many doors for someones coaching career.
3. Become a coach for amateur or youth teams
The coaching profession in youth soccer is wide open to those with degrees and certifications. Youth leagues are for players ages 5 to 19, whereas amateur leagues are mainly for adults.
It’s important to broaden the professional horizons at this stage of a career by taking on different types of responsibilities.
Training, managing, and mentoring athletes are among the roles that coaches might take on. They can improve their abilities in all three categories and then choose the one they like the most.
Also, it’s helpful to have experience coaching a variety of players (different ages and genders) since this will better prepare them for the challenges of working with a higher level of competition.
4. Improve your ability to lead and communicate effectively
The coach will be accountable for the team’s on-field achievements. They’ll also have an indirect impact on what players do outside of soccer. Successful coaches will want to possess strong leadership skills and the ability to communicate effectively with the team and younger players coming up through the system.
Great leadership skills can help inspire and motivate players to perform at their maximum capacity.
It’s equally as important to empathize with the players. Listen to their problems and find a solution that both parties can work towards. For example, if a player has voiced their opinion about playing time, communicate with him or her about what they should be working on to get onto the field more.
Clear and consistent communication will relieve many unexpected problems down the road.
5. Learn the ins and outs of soccer strategy and tactics
Soccer is a simple sport that necessitates coaches to have a thorough grasp of team strategy and tactics.
Professional soccer coaches need to know what the best formations are for any given match, how to open more up scoring opportunities, shut down the opposition’s offense, and effectively handle substitutions.
U.S. Soccer offers courses and certificates that address these areas in detail.
Reading books and articles written by professionals in the industry is a great way to increase your knowledge of strategy and tactics.
However, the best teacher is real-world experiences. Learn to be a student of the game while coaching as many matches as you can.
6. Be a student of soccer
Coaches at the professional level in soccer should always be aware of the most recent fitness and soccer trends.
For instance, organizations like IFAB, FIFA and the USSF may institute new restrictions or updates to their rules.
Just as new ideas and tactics may alter how a coach directs his team during games, so too may new clubs and leagues introduce such changes.
Professional soccer coaches should stay on top of these changes by regularly reading about sports and attending training sessions led by experts in the field.
7. Consider becoming a member of a professional organization like the National Soccer Coaches Association of America (NSCAA)
With more than 30,000 members, the NSCAA is an association that helps soccer coaches develop their skills and connect with others in the field.
Membership for the NSCAA starts at only $125 and comes with a wide range of education programs, training sessions and events.
It’s always advantageous to surround oneself with like-minded people. In this case, soccer coaches should be around other coaches as much as possible!
What Are the Prerequisites for Becoming a Soccer Coach?
Successful coaching demands a wide range of abilities and certifications.
Coaches will have a variety of resources at their disposal, depending on the coaching level. They may have a support team under them who can help take care of the admin side of coaching.
At the most basic levels, it could be just the head coach (and maybe an assistant coach).
Whichever level the coach is at, here are some essential skills to keep in mind:
Players need to learn the game from their coaches. They need to know all there is to know about the game to help them grow as players, both technically and tactically.
Every person has their own unique style of play and in how they react to particular situations.
To motivate an under confident athlete, a coach has to know exactly what approaches will work.
Some players must be left alone, while others must be called aside and spoken to.
One of the most important skills is knowing how to handle different circumstances for different people.
A coach needs to be able to make decisions quickly and in the best interest of the team. They’re in charge of the team’s formation and putting players in positions to succeed.
Leadership is not about pleasing everyone but bringing out the best in each team player.
Fitness and conditioning is usually under the purview of the head coach. In-season conditioning requires coaches to ensure their team can play 90-minutes. But, at the same time, make sure they aren’t overworked where their bodies can’t perform effectively.
During the off-season a coach might put together a program to enhance or maintain the conditioning from the past season.
Planning and Time Management
An efficient training session requires proper planning and strict adherence to the overall strategy.
Sessions that have too much downtime are less productive. Our youth players are becoming less and less attentive so it’s always beneficial to keep everyone involved as much as possible.
The key is to balance out training sessions with individual drills and team drills.
Analyzing data from games or practices may help the team, especially if used effectively. Numbers are difficult to dispute. With their help, coaches may select the best possible team, optimize player positioning, and ultimately secure victory.
There are now modern technologies that will help record matches and track player stats. If offered, coaches should take advantage of these technologies.
What Characteristics Define a “Bad” Soccer Coach?
Understanding what makes a lousy coach is just as important as learning what makes a good one.
Players will pick up on a coach’s negative traits, and the team culture will be harmed as a result.
Awareness is everything. Several examples of such characteristics are:
- An obsession with victory at any cost – Nobody likes to lose, yet it often happens. If a coach lives and dies by the scoreboard, they’ll never get over the setbacks, and the team will be left frustrated.
- Know-it-all – The truth is that nobody knows everything. The “know-it-all” coach shows little interest in learning and pays no attention to their players. This person is so set in their ways that they refuse to consider any alternatives. This results in a dictator-style of coaching. Though they may see initial success, the players will eventually lose interest in playing for the coach.
- Favoritism – Some players will have a stronger connection with their coaches than others. This behavior is inherent in human conditioning. Perhaps they feel that one of their players, whether a child or an adult, is significantly better than the others. To treat certain players better than others is detrimental to the team. Coaches are there to make the team better. As a result, naturally every player should be getting better.
- Yelling on the sidelines – Coaches will do themselves a disservice if they are constantly yelling on the sidelines. Especially at the younger ages, screaming and belittling players will work against them. They may get them to hustle more for that split second but there’s a good chance that they won’t want to play for them next year. Do this every season and coaches may find the soccer organization turning on them because they are losing players from the program.
- “The parent pleaser” – I’m a soccer Dad and we are the worst (generally speaking). Most parents think their child is the next Messi. With this comes parents who will speak up for their child if they aren’t getting enough playing time. Keep in mind that coaches are putting in the hours and this is their team. They can listen and provide feedback but ultimately it’s their call. Coaches don’t need to please any parent. They are put in their position to coach and inspire the team!
Are You Ready to Coach Soccer?
A soccer coach’s role is vital to any team’s success. A coach’s responsibilities span beyond simply calling plays during a game. They also train the team, develops strategies, decides who will play, and reacts quickly to changing situations.
Additionally, a youth soccer coach can make a significant impact in a child’s life. They can provide a different perspective from the player’s parents. A great coach acts as a mentor to the youth. They are able to connect and motivate them like few can.
While we’re on the coaching topic, I’d like to share some advice I was given years ago: “If you want to do anything for a living, you better start right now.” So, if you have a burning desire to do anything, you should pursue your coaching career no matter what age you are.
Coaching soccer is one of the most rewarding things you can do with your life. It might not be a forever position but it can certainly make a positive impact in your local community or beyond.