About Messi Growth Hormone Deficiency

About Messi Growth Hormone Deficiency

Lionel Messi has quickly become a household name among soccer fans. From his natural soccer skills to his knack to win games and his Adidas endorsements, there’s not much Messi hasn’t accomplished thus far.

messi graphicIn fact, he won his first World Cup for Argentina in 2022!

But, with his history, it begs the question…did he do it fairly?

When you hear news about professional athletes undergoing human growth hormone therapy, they would be instantly embroiled in a massive controversy.

However, Lionel Messi, one of the greatest soccer players to ever play the game, is an exception. Why is it, though?

Messi’s Growth Hormone Deficiency

At around age 11, Lionel Messi’s parents started noticing that their little child was just that, he was much smaller than the other kids his age.

After extensive medical testing, doctors found out that young Messi was suffering from Growth hormone deficiency (GHD), which is the reason why he was not growing at the same rate as his classmates.

What is growth hormone deficiency? Growth hormone deficiency is a condition in which the body doesn’t produce enough growth hormones. This is important for consistent growth and development in children. Growth hormone is produced by the pituitary gland and is necessary for “normal growth” and development of the muscles and bones. GHD can result in delayed growth and small stature as children progress to peak height.

GHD affects about one in 4,000 children.

The only treatment for GHD is human growth hormone injections, which are done every day until a person naturally stops growing. This can be anywhere from 13 to 18 years old.

Messi was just 13 when he started his treatment.

To make things worse, the Messi household was among the lower middle class, so they could not afford the treatment.

Note: In the U.S., some insurances will cover the treatment if a child qualifies. The child will need to undergo bone tests and blood work to qualify. If they don’t qualify, out-of-pocket treatment can be very expensive ($15,000-$40,000 per year). 

Adidas X Speedportal Messi.3 FG Firm Ground Soccer Cleat

Check out these X Speedportal soccer cleats designed for the GOAT, Lionel Messi. These are great for turf or natural grass.

Coupon Code: SHIPFW (Free Shipping on Cleats)
Buy on Soccer.com
We earn a commission if you make a purchase, at no additional cost to you.

FC Barcelona to the Rescue

Professional European football clubs routinely scout for fresh talent, even from other continents.

It was a good thing that Lionel Messi, even as a young athlete who is below average height, was very skillful on the pitch. A lot of clubs stated their interest to sign the young Messi to play for them once he reached legal age.

However, of all the teams, only FC Barcelona offered to sponsor the young player’s HGH treatments.

After getting confirmation of FC Barcelona’s offer on the back of a napkin, the entire Messi family left their home in Argentina and moved to Spain.

This was a pivotal moment for the Messi and his family.

And, is one of the reasons why Messi played 20 years for FC Barcelona, from the age of 17, when he became the youngest player in the history of the club to score a goal.

Wait, Isn’t HGH Illegal?


Now to the important question: why wasn’t Messi and FC Barcelona sanctioned by international football officials for using HGH? The treatment that Messi received was completely legal and it was also necessary for his overall health.

If left untreated, Messi’s growth hormone deficiency would not only stunt his growth but would negatively affect his health. Because his body is not developing as it normally would, his internal organs will also be incredibly underdeveloped, which can lead to severe illnesses.

In addition, the HGH treatment that Messi received is not the same as the ones used for performance enhancement. The HGH treatment Messi injected was purely for medical use.

Although it did help normalize Messi’s bone and muscle growth, his body did not exceed physical development. Messi’s HGH treatment ceased once he reached the age of 14.

You can tell that Messi did not gain any other physical benefits from the HGH treatments because he is just 5’7” tall, which is the average height of male Argentinians.

His muscle mass is also still within acceptable parameters.

His body ended up catching up with his skills which put him on another tier.


Lionel Messi received HGH therapy legally because of his predisposition. He was not able to produce a sufficient amount of growth hormones his body needed.

This is a different reason from just being shorter than others. If he did not receive the therapy treatment, his health would have been compromised.

It does make you wonder though, would Messi be Messi if it weren’t for HGH therapy?

I think he would but maybe to a slightly lesser degree of success. You can’t provide medicine for work ethic, soccer skills, soccer IQ and a drive to be the best.

Beau Bridges - Soccer Novo Hey 👋 I’m Beau. A proud Dad, former coach and soccer enthusiast. I continue to love the game of soccer today the same way I did when I was 7. I created soccernovo.com to share what I know about the game as well as provide a platform so other parents can learn more about youth soccer in the U.S.

Find a Club Near You

Be in the know for everything soccer in the U.S. 🥳️

SoccerNovo was built out of pure passion for the game of soccer. Our team provides helpful and entertaining content that helps players become better and enjoy the game more.
© 2023 SoccerNovo, LLC. Trademarks and brands are the property of their respective owners.